Especially for hub-and-spoke airlines, passenger (connection) management reflects a crucial aspect of their airline operations. Moreover, many passengers consider a seamless and stress-free connection as one of the essential quality indicators of an airline.
Passenger Connection Management — One Of The Most Complex Airline Processes
However, passenger management also reflects one of the most complex airline processes. That’s why an increasing number of airlines are trying to set up real-time dashboards that are tailored to passenger management. The underlying goal is to visualize passenger streams and related information. And to do that in a way that perfectly supports the passenger connection process.
However, after going down that road with airlines, we learned one thing. Passenger management (real-time) dashboards are everything but not trivial. The aspect that mainly drives the complexity is that additional and specific information is required to calculate the relevant KPIs. Nonetheless, this is of the highest importance in order to provide a valuable dashboard.
With this blog post, we provide a very practical case study. You will find visual examples of airline passenger management dashboards. On top of that, we focus on relevant data that is required to set up those dashboards.
The Essential Information An Airline Passenger Management Dashboard Has To Contain
From our experience, a passenger (connection) dashboard should —first and foremost— visualize the passenger connection streams at a dedicated airport/hub. Therefore, it is essential to design a graphical visualization of these streams. This includes inbound flights, passenger connection streams, and corresponding outbound flights. Additionally, since this is the crucial KPI, the dashboard should include the Misconnex Quota as the most crucial quality aspect of connection-driven airline operations.
The airline passenger management dashboard below illustrates our approach to this topic. The connection visualization in the center of the dashboard highlights the following aspects:
The example shows Incoming flights including the latest times and arrival gates on the left. The flights are accompanied by a number of connecting passengers (clustered according to compartments – first, business, premium eco, and eco). For the flight at the top, 3 first-class passengers, 9 business passengers, 17 premium eco, and 25 eco passengers are connecting to outbound flights.
The column in the middle of the visualization shows the number of passengers of a particular connection. Additionally, it shows the required and available transfer time. For the first line, 9 business, 11 premium eco, and 12 eco passengers are connecting to an outbound flight. The required connecting time is 25 minutes and the available connecting time is 20 minutes. Since the needed transfer time is higher than the available, those numbers are colored in red.
On the right side, the outbound flights are listed. As additional information, it shows the number of connecting passengers as well as the latest times and gate information.
What Kind Of Data Is Required To Set Up An Airline Passenger Dashboard?
Obviously, the essential information to create an airline passenger management dashboard is about passengers. That means for each passenger, the dashboard requires corresponding inbound and outbound flight information. This information is typically provided by systems, as for example, Amadeus Altea, Galileo or Worldspan.
Latest Flight Information
In order to create an airline passenger management dashboard that provides valuable information, it is essential to have the latest flight information available. Most crucial data in this context is about the latest times:
- scheduled time of departure
- scheduled time of arrival
- estimate time of departure
- estimate time of arrival
- actual time of departure
- actual time of arrival
This, of course, is required for both inbound and outbound flights. Usually, this type of data is provided by the operations control system. Sabre Movement Manager, Netline, or AIMS are a few prominent examples. Since Operations Control Systems are typically the primary source for real-time dashboards, this kind of information is usually already available.
Airport Information in this context is about up-to-date information concerning the arrival gate/position of the inbound flight and departure gate/position of the outbound flight. The source system for this information differs from airline to airline. Sometimes the data is provided by CRS, such as Amadeus. Sometimes the operations control system holds this information. In some cases, dedicated other systems have to be connected to the dashboard.
Probably the most challenging type of information which is required to set up a passenger management dashboard. To highlight critical connections, it is of great importance to provide the needed transfer time for each combination of inbound and outbound flights.
Some airlines can only rely on very general connection times. For example, average minutes from one terminal to another. However, the value of a passenger dashboard sharply increases as the accuracy of this information improves. Some airlines operated dedicated systems providing detailed connecting times from one gate to another one. This also takes into account actual waiting times, Schengen/non-Schengen aspects, current infrastructure limitations, etc.
Nonetheless, a possible approach is in starting with generic connecting times and continuously improving and detailing the figures.